According to estimates by the World Health Organization, Alzheimer’s disease affects more than 50 million people. More than 3.4 million of these cases are in Latin America and the Caribbean. Unfortunately, there are no effective treatments for this neurodegenerative disease that causes a severe and progressive deterioration of memory. It is expected that by the year 2050 this number will reach more than 16 million cases in the region, so it is important to strengthen efforts in prevention and early diagnosis to deal with this terrible disease.
Adults over 65 have a higher incidence of Alzheimer’s disease. The data indicate that approximately 7.2% of older adults in Europe and 6.9% in the United States of America are diagnosed with dementia. Due to probable genetic factors, patients of Hispanic or Latino origin are 1.5 times more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease compared to non-Hispanic white patients. Reaching 6.0% in Latin America and 6.5% in the Caribbean. These numbers may be underestimated due to late diagnosis and limitations or lack of specialized medical attention.
PREVALENCE OF ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE.
Percentage of dementia in people older than 65 years and estimated number of cases per region.